UTI In Children

UTI In Children

UTI In Children

UTI stands for urinary tract infection. The urinary tract extends from the kidneys to the external urethral meatus. Infection affecting any part of the tract can result in UTI.
The tract may be divided into upper and lower.

Upper UTI: Involvement of
Kidneys - pyelonephritis
Ureters – ureteritis

Most of these infections reach the upper tract through the blood. Sometimes infections from the lower tract not treated promptly may ascend up to the upper tract.

Lower UTI: Involvement of
Bladder – cystitis
Urethra – urethritis
Infections affecting the lower tract are a result of ascent from the perineal area.

The symptoms may depend on the site of affection, age of patient etc.
Early suspicion, proper investigation and adequate management can help treat these infections effectively. Neglect may lead to complications like relapses, recurrence, chronic UTI, scarring of kidneys and other debilitating or life threatening complications.

Symptoms



  • Fever

  • Vomiting

  • Abdominal pain

  • Poor feeding

  • Irritable child

  • Excessive crying

  • Burning sensation during urination which may lead to crying each time a child passes urine.

  • Frequent urination

  • Four-smelling urine

  • Sudden onset of bedwetting or incontinence of urine.


Prevention



  • Proper hygiene can help prevent germs from spreading from the perineum to the urethra.

  • Children should be taught to wipe their genitals properly. Cleaning after passing stool must be from front to back.

  • Cotton loose underwear should be preferred to avoid bacterial overgrowth.

  • The kids should be taught not to hold their urine for long as urine in the bladder acts as an effective growth medium for bacteria.

  • Children should drink a good amount of water every day to clear out their bladder.

  • Female kids after attaining menarche must ensure proper menstrual hygiene. Frequent change of pads is a must to keep infections at bay.

  • Vaginal douching should be discouraged.


Who are at risk of developing UTIs?


Infant boys are more likely to develop UTIs as compared to girls. This may be due to certain anatomical or physiological defects involving the urinary tract. However, after infancy, girls are likelier to suffer from UTI. The reason being, a short urethra in girls with proximity to the anal opening. This makes it easier for the bacteria to move up the urinary tract.

Treatment


The consulting pediatrician may examine the child clinically and request a few laboratory tests. As per the severity of infection the treatment may entail injectable antibiotics and admission to the hospital. Radiological investigations as part of the workup may be required to find the root cause of UTI especially in male children.

If you suspect your child to be suffering from UTI, you must take him or her to a doctor to ascertain proper management of the case.

If you are in Kolkata, take your child to Bhagirathi Neotia Woman and Child Care Centre, New Town. Our highly-skilled team of pediatric nephrologists and pediatric surgeons help treat kidney diseases, UTI, bladder problems and other urological services.

Call us at 03333235057 or send your inquiry at connect.bnwccc@neotiahealthcare.com.

Book an appointment to consult with the best pediatricians in West Bengal

We have a highly experienced team of pediatricians who work with a wide range of specialists and treat children with all types of conditions.
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